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Because many peasants refused to go along with the ideas of collectivization, millions of Russians died as a result of execution and starvation (due to famines) that resulted from their defiance between 1931-1933 (Marples, 98). Aside from the positive aspects of collectivization, however, Stalin’s new “socialization of agriculture” also had a tremendous dark side to it as well. Stalin, in order to prevent Trotsky replacing Lenin. Study How did Stalin rise to power + ideological debates flashcards from Emma Hallowell's George Stephenson High School class online, or in Brainscape's iPhone … Cambridge University Press To Stalin, Russia could not risk the threat of total annihilation again as it had done during the First World War and the Russian civil war that had followed. He served as the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1922 until his death in 1953. After Stalin died in March 1953, he was succeeded by Nikita Khrushchev as First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) and Georgi Malenkov as Premier of the Soviet Union. Complete and total control over the Soviet Union, however, would not be established under Stalinism until the events of the Second World War. Stalin`s Rise to power was a combination of his ability to manipulate situationsand the failure of others to prevent him from taking power, especially LeonTrotsky. Joseph Stalin came to power through a combination of ruthlessness and cunning. In a testament written by Lenin in 1922, he stated that he believed Leon Trotsky, the founder of … 3. In the years following the death of Vladimir Lenin, he rose to become dictator of the Soviet Union, using a combination of manipulation and terror to destroy his opposition. At first glance, the rise to power of Stalin and Mao appear easily comparable: both were members of deeply divided communist parties and both operated within societies that suffered from civil war and the ever-present threat of foreign attack. Stalin used purges to remove all this opponents from the communist party. Stalin was careful to present himself as the man of the centre, almost a moderate. To Stalin, Russia could not risk the threat of total annihilation again as it had done during the First World War and the … For some reason, teachers tend to ignore some of the darker figures of history. In 1922, after a civil war ending in the Bolsheviks' victory, the USSR was formed by a At the time Stalin had most power out of the three so he was in charge. Stalin ordered that this took place in Mexico, where he had lived when he was exiled from the Soviet Union. Stalin's rise to power was a combination of his ability to manipulate situations and the failure of others to prevent him from taking power, especially Leon Trotsky. L/O – To identify the significance of ideology in Stalin’s rise to power. Once capitalism was eliminated, Stalin believed that Russia could then focus its attention to the external threat posed by capitalism (Sources of Soviet Conduct, 569-570). From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an “Iron Curtain” has descended across the continent. 1.The created the for position of General Secretary of the party was created under Lenin and Stalin was elected for him. Communist propaganda in the Soviet Union was extensively based on the Marxist–Leninist ideology to promote the Communist Party line. 4. 6 December] 1878 – 5 March 1953) was a Georgian revolutionary and Soviet politician who led the Soviet Union from the mid–1920s until 1953 as the general secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1922–1952) and premier of. Joseph Stalin's forced industrialization of the Soviet Union caused the worst man-made famine in history. Furthermore, since industry was heavily dependent upon funds from agricultural production, industrialization was helped tremendously in the process as well. Stalin focused particular hostility on the wealthier peasants, or kulaks. Stalin underhand strategies were essential to his rise to power. Through the enormous amount of trade between the Soviet Union and Germany, Stalin had committed a serious blunder that would prove to be extremely costly for Russia. Stalin ruled the USSR from 1929 until his death in 1953. 2 (Blackwell Publishing, 1944). 4 (Blackwell Publishing, 1986). What was the great purge characterized by? © AskingLot.com LTD 2021 All Rights Reserved. Hailed as a hero for pushing the Red Army so vigorously during the war, Stalin had finally implemented the unchallengeable dictatorial style government that he so greatly desired. many factors enabled Stalin to gain power in 1925. Allocation of blame was simple – the Soviets were to blame! While many of Stalin’s attacks were unfounded accusations, Stalin, nevertheless asserted that Trotsky and his followers in the Politburo were a dangerous threat to Soviet society. Just one year later in 1937, Communists of Lenin’s era, along with nearly half of Russia’s military high-command, were executed or sent to the Gulag. This “socialization of agriculture” under Stalin would destroy the independent peasantry and create huge “agricultural factories” in an attempt to meet agricultural production needs (Ellison, 191). Stalin, however, in a grand political move to preserve his image among the people, dictated through the 18th Party Congress for the release of nearly 327,000 people in the Gulag systems. Trotsky was soon isolated. Trotsky did not take advantage of several opportunities which wouldhave helped him to crush Stalin politically. Facing famine, the Fifteenth Party Congress of 1927, under Stalin’s influence, decided to begin collectivizing agriculture in an attempt to avert the crisis. Was Stalin’s ideology a continuation of the ideology established by Marx and Lenin or a complete change? Following the grain crisis of 1927, Russia was in dire need of food. Stalin’s Soviet Union was a product of both ideology and circumstance (Sources of Soviet Conduct, 566). Accessed October 03, 2018. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stalinism. Collectivization under Stalin would solve the grain crisis to a certain extent, but would have tremendous consequences for the peasantry. 20 No. Suffering enormous losses, the Red Army was overwhelmed by the power and strength of the German army’s advance. The following year, 1924, marks the beginning of Stalin's rise to power. But I feel as though knowing about the evil they committed is necessary for people to know about (so that we can avoid letting people like Stalin rise to power). His rule was one of tyranny, a great change from the … Sheila Fitzpatrick, New Perspectives on Stalinism, Vol. By proclaiming that his party would continue to follow Lenin’s path in the future, Stalin was able to implement his own totalitarian style government through collectivization, political purges, and the use of terror. In the Stalin era, deviation from the dictates of official propaganda was punished by execution and labor camps. Trotsky, Kamenev, and Zinoviev all saw themselves as the logical choice as the successor of Lenin. Lenin was exiled in Switzerland in 1912 when he appointed Joseph Stalin to serve … "Death is the solution to all problems. The power of patronage, which also came along with this position, though not Lenin?s intention, gave Stalin the power to place supporters in key positions and the power to ?hire and fire?, thus creating a party owing their membership and loyalty to him. The Georgian dictator ruled the Soviet Union for more than 25 years, a period marked by war, class war, rapid industrialisation, the collectivisation of farms and deadly famines. By 1935, Stalin had completely wiped out Kulaks as a class in Russia and all farming throughout the Soviet Union was collectivized. David Marples, Russia in the Twentieth Century (Pearson Education Limited, 2011). From the time of Vladimir Lenin’s death in 1924 to his demise in 1953, Stalin controlled the Soviet Union through an exploitation of political opponents (and allies), and through a relentless drive for absolute power. How did Joseph Stalin rise to power? By the time of the Fifteenth Party Congress in 1927, the ill-conceived plot to remove Stalin would be crushed. Stalin was notoriously paranoid and thousands suspected of threatening his pow… How did Joseph Stalin rise to power? Stalin used propaganda to initiate a campaign that showed the public how close he was with its deceased leader Vladimir Lenin. Against insurmountable odds, the Red Army had defeated one of the most powerful armies in the world. Stalin came to power when Lenin died in 1924 by outmaneuvering his rivals to become the head of the Communist Party and then the dictator of the Soviet Union. The Great Purges, as they were called, were quickly implemented by Stalin during the late 1930s to combat so-called “opposition” forces in Russia. The previous equivalent position, the Responsible Secretary was occupied by his greatest ally, Molotov. Stalin was officially the leader of the Communist party, but to many in the Party, he was only a figurehead. The Stalin I am familiar with is the one of the sscond World War. Though not groomed to lead, Stalin was cunning and manipulative and by 1928 was in charge of Soviet Russia. He used the triumvirate to attack Trotsky. This essay will analyze Stalin’s rise to power through the study of four main elements, which can be denominated as situation in the USSR, Stalin’s personal strength, the weaknesses of Stalin’s enemies and the role of luck and opportunities. As a result, Stalin was, essentially, free to rule the country now that the other candidates had been removed. Key Questions for this Section. Removal of o  pposition One factor that had got Stalin to power was the clever tactics of removing his opposition. The Traditionalists. Instead, the Soviet Union experienced a dramatic increase in its prospective power, prestige, and influence in global affairs (Chamberlin, 3). However, they were not as popular as they believed and that Stalin was very popular with the ordinary Party member. The Term Paper on Stalin’s Rise to Power. Click to see full answer. Unlike Lenin, Stalin’s most pressing need was not world revolution but rather rapid expansion and/or a buildup of Soviet power through industrialization. Gorbachev's decision to allow elections with a multi-party system and create a presidency for the Soviet Union began a slow process of democratization that eventually destabilized Communist control and contributed to the collapse of the Soviet Union. Nevertheless, even this enormous death rate could not stifle the Stalinist regime. No man, no problem.". In 1921 Stalin helped plan the invasion of Georgia which was the source for his negative policies towards the country. Is there an essential oil to keep wasps away? Larry Slawson received his Masters Degree at UNC Charlotte. Unlike Lenin, Stalin’s most pressing need was not world revolution but rather rapid expansion and/or a buildup of Soviet power through industrialization. Stalin was careful to present himself as the man of the centre, almost a moderate. By 1930, Stalin would overshadow them, and by 1940 outlive them. Stalin’s next move would be to eliminate all opposition through a series of purges that resulted in the death of millions. Reaching Petrograd from Siberia on March 25 (March 12, Old Style), 1917, Stalin resumed editorship of Pravda. (hold onto power) Once Stalin gained power he enforced his power through several different methods, including fear, cult of personality, education and youth groups, propaganda, purges and force & compulsion. More than 57 years after the death of Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin, scholars continue to uncover long-hidden truths about his rise to absolute power and the reign of "Great Terror" that took more than a million lives and exiled many millions more. The Sources of Soviet Conduct, Vol. Trotsky, Zinoviev, Kamenev, and seventy-five others were expelled from the Communist Party as a result. Stalin, who was considered the weakest candidate for ruling Russia after Lenin, knew that he would have to use his office of General Secretariat to begin promoting those who were loyal to him, and to remove those disloyal to his policies if he was to ever take control of Russia (Marples, 70). Though they never met or even spoke, Hitler and Stalin loathed each other on political grounds. The Kulaks, for example, who were considered a bourgeois class throughout Russia, were largely exterminated during the implementation of collectivization. Simply so, how did the Soviet Union rise to power? How did ideology help Stalin achieve power? Herbert Ellison, The Decision to Collectivize Agriculture, Vol. At that point he was one of seven members of the Politburo--the others were Zinoviev and Kamenev, Trotsky, Nikolai Bukharin, Alexei Rykov, and Mikhail Tomsky. In an attempt to control all aspects of Soviet society, Stalin quickly implemented government control over media outlets, literature, art, theater, and music across the Soviet Union as a means to force the Soviet population to conform with Soviet ideology. Multiple events, programs and individuals throughout the Soviet Union was collectivized crisis of 1927, Russia in Stalin. An essential oil to keep my dog from peeing on it and was paranoid about threats to his.... Greatest ally, Molotov peasants would how did stalin rise to power ever believed that Stalin would be crushed were largely exterminated during the of! 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